It is a type of sedation where a pill is given to you one hour before the appointment and you will be fully monitored by professionals to ensure your vitals are within normal range before, during and after the procedure.
The sedative pill helps relax patients by slowing down the central nervous system. People remain aware of their surroundings, yet are less responsive to external stimuli like sound of the drill or smell of dental materials. This also reduces the sense of pain.
This type of sedation allows your dentist to perform several procedures in one appointment safely and comfortably on anxious people. Patients may retain very little memory of their time in the dental chair.
In addition to providing your dentist with complete medical history , you will have to arrange your drive to and from the office.
Nitrous Oxide/Laughing Gas
Nitrous oxide gas is used during the dental treatment in order to ease the anxiety. The gas typically produces pleasant sensations that can help a patient relax. Because it is well tolerated, has a rapid onset, is reversible, can be adjusted in various concentrations, and is non-allergenic, nitrous oxide/oxygen is considered a safe sedative in dentistry.
A patient sedated by nitrous oxide is still capable of responding to a question or request. While most people do not experience any negative side effects of nitrous oxide, a small number of people do. This may occur when the level of nitrous is too high in the gas mixture or from a sudden change in the amount of nitrous oxide inhaled. Negative side effects may include nausea or vomiting, headache, increased sleepiness, and/or excessive sweating or shivering. Headaches can result if a patient does not receive oxygen for at least five minutes after the nitrous oxide has been turned off. The oxygen helps to flush any remaining gas from the lungs and return the patient to a fully awake and alert state. Patients who experience any discomfort while receiving nitrous oxide should inform the dentist immediately. It is advised to keep meals light prior to dental appointments in which nitrous oxide will be used to reduce the risk of nausea and vomiting.
This type of sedation is most commonly and safely used in young children to minimize fears.